Flora & Fauna of Ghazipur District
The forest area in the district is very small. All the forest in the district are
under control of Gram sabha. The total area of forest in the district was about 8553
hectare in 1970-71. The trees which are found in these forest are of the ordinary
varieties common to whole Gangetic plain and are the Safed siris ( Albizzia procera ),
Neem ( Azadirachta indica ), imli ( Tamarindus indica ), Bargad or Banyan ( Ficus
bengalensis ), Pipal ( Ficus religiosa ), Gular ( Ficus glomerata ), Pakar ( Ficus
infectogria ), Semal ( Salmalia malabarica ), Jamun ( Syzygium cummit ) and Shishsam (
Dalbergia sissoo )
Fauna- As the district lacks dense and extensive forests the number of wild animals and variety of species are small. The animals found in district are the Nilgai or Dharrose ( Baselaphus tragocamelus ), Wild pig ( Sus cristatus ), Jackal ( Canis aurens ), Fox ( Vulpes bengalensis ), Hare ( Lepas nigrocollic ruficaudatus ), Black buk ( Antelope cervicapra) and Wolf ( Canis lupas).
Birds- The birds of the district are the same as those of adjoining district and are the Peacock ( Pavo cristatus ) , grey quail ( coturnix coturnix ), Indian parakeet ( Psittacula euparia), roseinged parakeet ( Psittacula krameri ), crow ( Corvus splendeeus ), mainah ( Acridotheres tristis ), Swallow ( Hirundo rustica ), Green Pigeon ( Treron phoenicoptera ) and Cattle egret ( Bubucaus ibis )
Reptiles - Different Varieties of snakes and other reptile are found every where in the district especially in rural areas particularly the Cobra ( Naja naja), Karait ( Bungarus careruleus ), Rat snake ( Ptyasmucosus ), , greeko ( Hemidactylus brooki ) , common house lizards( Hemidactylus flavivridi ), Goh ( Agma tuberculata ), Green Lizards or Girgit ( colotes versidolor), Ghariayal ( Gavialis ) and crocodile( Crocodilus ).
Fish - Fish are found in the rivers, Lakes and ponds of the district, the species commonly found being Rohu ( Labeo rohita ), Karounch ( Labeo clabasu ), Khusa (Labeo gonius ), Bhakur ( Catla catla ), Parhan ( Wallagonia attu ), Patra ( Notapeternus montapeternus ), Moi ( Notapeternus chitala ) and singhi ( Hetereopneustes fossies )
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