Ghazipur in  Medieval period & British reign

Ghazipur district is famous for it glorious history in Mughal period. Historians mentioned about its nomenclature through which Ghazipur is named after Saiyyad Masood Ghazi. Istekbal says, that   Saiyyad Massod Ghazi,known for  Hindu- Muslim Unity , established this city in 1330 A.D. Some historian are of the view that this is established by Ustad Ghazi Mashook.About the naming of various townships of Ghazipur records are as  - Zamania Tehsil of district Ghazipur in named after Saiyyad Ali Kuli Khan,Kasimabad  is established by Sheikh Abdullah after name of his father Abdul Kasim. This district was a major city during Sultanate period and mughal period. This was a main halt for emperors and their army as it is situated on the  bank of holy river Ganges. The Pahar Khan ka Pokhra, The Mosque of Nawali by Nawab Sufi and Allalabad and Kasimabad forts were established by Sheikh Abdullah give a glimpes of  its past history. In Sutanate period Kutubuddin Ebak conquered  Banaras  ( now Varanasi ) and Jaunpur in 1194 AD. Thereafter Mughal emperor Babar and Humayun took over this area. A historical event of Humayun relates with this place (located in Sherpur Village in Muhammdabad ) in which a Bhisti made Humayun to cross  the river gangaes  after his being defeated in the battle of Chausa by Shreshah Suri. In 1552 AD this place was under Taz Khan Kirani and Akbar won this place after defeating the Adil Shah in battle of Panipat in 1556 AD. Alikuli khan winning  Banaras and Jaunpur established the Zamania town.In 1764 AD Britishers won Buxar and Ghazipur which was therafter ruled by East India Company . Company posted  Mr. Richardson  as a judge  and Mr. Robert Warlo was made the  first Collector for this district. The Britishers used this place for cultivation of indigo,  opium, kewra and roses. They established  Opium Factory which is of  its kind.It is presently working and providing revenue to govt. of India by producing opium allkaloides. During British rule Opium manufratured in this factory was carried to China  on boats through the Bay of Bengal.

 

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