Industries of Ghazipur
|The District has a sound agricultural base and reasonably good infrastructure but industrial potential is low. The lack of enterprise and technical knowledge of local people may be the major constraints in industrial growth of district. Ghazipur has long been famous for the manufacture of perfume especially Rose Water and Itr ( Otto of roses ). A local firm of this industry was awarded a medal for the quality of its product at British Empire exhibition in London in last century. Now this industry is facing gradual decline due to the shrinkage of cultivation of perfume-bearing plants. another is Sugar industry, but now there are no more factory in existence. The manufacturing of Saltpeter is present is Saidpur . The Weaving of clothes is mainly centered in Bahariabad. There are 47 registered factory under section 1948 and 24 are in working condition and from 19 factories there return are received, total laborers and employees were 2198 in 1991.|
|Year||Registered Factory||Working Factory||Return Received||Total Laborer||Production in Thous|
|As many as 16031 units were registered with
there Directorate of Industries in 1998-99 and total 19062 personnel are employed there.
Village and small scale industry
|Year||Total Small Scale Industry||Employees|
The manufacture of Rice, agriculture goods, furniture,leather article, utensils
,Khandsari,Weaponry, Steel trunk, Almirah, candles and Handloom clothes are the main small
scale industries of the district . As the colour packing, sugar processing and flour
milling are also undertaken in the district.
Village & Cottage industries includes mostly the handicraft handed down from generation to generation like Gur making, Village Oil Industry, Leather Tanning & Foot Wear, Woolen Blanket Pottery etc.
Govt. Opium and Alkaloids Works- Opium and Alkaloid Works, Ghazipur a government enterprise, specialises in manufacture of excise opium,export opium and alkaloids. The raw material used is raw opium which derived from the white or opium poppy ( Papaver somnigerum ) through the fields organisation of the industries department of state , which comprises four division - Bareilly, Shahjahapur , Barabanki, and Faizabad. Every year the Government of India notifies the areas in which poppy can be cultivated and the extent to which it can be cultivated in each division and licenses are issued to cultivators, who desire to grow the plant.This unit first established in 1820 under the Benaras Opium Agency is now the biggest industrial enterprise for making opium in the country. The factory consists of several godowns, power-houses and workshops. It is provided with a railway siding and the wagons containing opium are shunted out from the station to the factory siding. Raw opium is imported from different States and all the opium that is seized throughout the country is sent to this factory. Opium is also exported to different countries.
The city has sound agriculture base and reasonably good infrastructure, yet the industrial potential is low. The lack of enterprise and technical knowledge of local people may be the major constraints in industrial growth. Ghazipur has long been famous for the manufacture of perfumes especially rose water (Ghazipuri Gulabjal )and Attar of roses (Rose oil). A local firm was awarded a medal for the quality of product in British empire exhibition in London in the last century. Now this industry is facing gradual decline due to the shrinkage of cultivation of perfume bearing plants. Sugar industry was important to this region but now there are few factories left. The manufacturing of saltpeter is done in Saidpur. Cloth weaving is centered in Bahariabad. There are 47 registered factory under section 1948. But scenario have change from last decade, a multi productive agro manufacturing unit M/s Sukhbhir Agro, an alcohol manufacturing unit M/s Lords Distillery, a Polythene Manufacturing unit M/s Bryplast Private Limited, a Homoeopathic Medicines Manufacturing unit M/s M.D.Homoeo Lab. Pvt. Ltd., Maharajganj, Ghazipur worked successfully in district. These companies provide many employment opportunities.
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