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Land

[Geological Condition of Ghazipur]

        Topography- The general slope of district is from north -west to south-west, this being the direction generally taken by subsidiary drainage lines though the Ganga itself leave the district in a higher latitude than at its point of entry, while north-easterly course of Karmnasa points to the existence of a reversed slope on the south bank of the Ganga. The soil and the general topography of district depend directly on the drainage. The district can be divided in three physical divisions- the northern uplands, the central lowlands ad the southern uplands.    The Northern uplands which comprise all the  country north of the Ganga, with exception of parts of Saidpur and Ghazipur and the greater portion of Muhammdabad, mostly resemble the ordinary uplands of Gangetic plain. The higher levels are sandy and on the slopes in and from banks of streams the soils becomes good fertile loam but in the depression this merges into stiff clay which turn Usar whenever saturation occurs and the hard Grey Dhankar being fitted for the cultivation of the rice. The light sandy soil is generally known as balua, the loam as Doras and clay as matiyar. In most parts of the uplands there is a large amount of kankar in subsoil.

        The alluvial lowlands, generally known as terai, comprise a small portion of Saidpur and Ghazipur, and Zamania and Muhammdabad tehsil.here the soil varies from the sand found on the banks of Ganga to fine loam deposits left by river and the characteristic Karial ( dark soil ). There are two Karail tracts one in Muhammdabad where it includes all the lands from Korantadih and on ballia road. and other  the center of Zamania tehsil.

        The central portion of Zamania constitutes the southern uplands which have the ordinary loam and clay soils of the northern uplands. There is a stretch of fertile Karail on the north of Karmanasa river from the boundary of Varanasi on the west of village Dewal on the east.                                                                                

 

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